Lesson 1 - Russian sounds and letters | Phrasebook + Mp3

Russian sounds and letters

The Russian alphabet consists of 33 letters (10 vowels, 21 consonants and 2 signs (ь, ъ). Capital letters are written at the beginning of sentences or proper names, small letters are used in all other cases.
The Russian Alphabet

All Russian sounds fall into vowels and consonants. Unlike English vowels, Russian vowels do not fall into short and long.
Russian sounds and letters
Consonants fall into voiced and voiceless, on the one hand, and into hard and soft, on the other.

ПАРНЫЕ СОГЛАСНЫЕ
PAIRED CONSONANTS
ТВЁРДЫЕ
HARD
МЯГКИЕ
SOFT
ЗВОНКИЕ
VOICED
[б], [в], [г], [д], [ж], [з]
[б'], [в'], [г'], [д'], [ж']
ГЛУХИЕ
VOICELESS
[п], [ф], [к], [т], [ш], [с]
[п'], [ф'], [к'], [т'], [ш']
НЕПАРНЫЕ СОГЛАСНЫЕ
UNPAIRED CONSONANTS
ТВЁРДЫЕ
HARD
МЯГКИЕ
SOFT
ЗВОНКИЕ
VOICED
[л], [м], [н], [р]
[л'], [м'], [н'], [р'], [й]
ГЛУХИЕ
VOICELESS
[х], [ц]
[ч'], [х'], [ц'], [щ']

I speak Russian and Ukrainian

Dictionary
  • dictionary
  • словарь
  • English Russian Dictionary

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